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What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a disease in which certain cells of the immune system malfunction and attack healthy joints.

RA causes inflammation in the lining (synovium) of joints, most often the joints of the hands and feet. The signs of inflammation can include pain, swelling, redness, and a feeling of warmth around affected joints. In some patients, chronic inflammation results in damage to the cartilage and bones in the joint. Serious damage can lead to permanent joint destruction, deformity, and disability.

When joints become inflamed due to RA, the synovium thickens and produces an excess of joint fluid. This overabundance of fluid, along with inflammatory chemicals released by the immune system, causes swelling and damage to the joint’s cartilage and bones.

Symptoms Affecting the Foot and Ankle
Foot problems caused by RA commonly occur in the forefoot (the ball of the foot, near the toes), although RA can also affect other areas of the foot and ankle. The most common signs and symptoms of RA-related foot problems, in addition to the abnormal appearance of deformities, are pain, swelling, joint stiffness, and difficulty walking.

Deformities and conditions associated with RA may include:

  • Rheumatoid nodules (lumps), which cause pain when they rub against shoes or, if they appear on the bottom of the foot, pain when walking
  • Dislocated toe joints
  • Hammertoes
  • Bunions
  • Heel pain
  • Achilles tendon pain
  • Flatfoot
  • Ankle pain

Diagnosis
RA is diagnosed on the basis of a clinical examination as well as blood tests.

To further evaluate the patient’s foot and ankle problems, the surgeon may order x-rays and/or other imaging tests.

Treatment by the Foot and Ankle Surgeon
While treatment of RA focuses on the medication prescribed by a patient's primary doctor or rheumatologist, the foot and ankle surgeon will develop a treatment plan aimed at relieving the pain of RA-related foot problems. The plan may include one or more of the following options:

  • Orthotic devices. The surgeon often fits the patient with custom orthotic devices to provide cushioning for rheumatoid nodules, minimize pain when walking, and give needed support to improve the foot’s mechanics.
  • Accommodative shoes. These are used to relieve pressure and pain and assist with walking.
  • Aspiration of fluid. When inflammation flares up in a joint, the surgeon may aspirate (draw out) fluid to reduce the swelling and pain.
  • Steroid injections. Injections of anti-inflammatory medication may be applied directly to an inflamed joint or to a rheumatoid nodule.

When is Surgery Needed?
When RA produces pain and deformity in the foot that is not relieved through other treatments, surgery may be required. The foot and ankle surgeon will select the procedure best suited to the patient's condition and lifestyle.

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We're Moving

THE DUNDALK OFFICE IS MOVING TO A NEW LOCATION EFFECTIVE JANUARY 27, 2020.
THE LUTHERVILLE OFFICE WILL REMAIN THE SAME.

We are excited to announce that our Dundalk Office is moving just 4 minutes away. For the rest of the year, we will continue treating our patients at the Dundalk Office on Holabird Avenue. After January 27, 2020, we will be seeing our patients at our new Dundalk location:

Dundalk Village Center
71 Shipping Place
Dundalk, Maryland 21222
Phone #: 410-753-4422

Our Location

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Hours of Operation

Our Regular Schedule - Subject to Change

Monday:

9:00 AM-5:00 PM

Tuesday:

9:00 AM-6:00 PM

Wednesday:

9:00 AM-5:00 PM

Thursday:

8:00 AM-5:00 PM

Friday:

9:00 AM-2:00 PM

Saturday:

Closed

Sunday:

Closed

Patient Forms

Please download, print, complete, and bring your forms to your first appointment. For your security, DO NOT email.

Lutherville Office

(410) 753-4660 (fax)

Dr. Kelly L. Geoghan
1447 York Road, Ste. 504
Lutherville, MD 21093(at the corner of York Rd and Seminary Ave)

Dundalk Office

(410) 753-4660 (fax)

Dr. Kelly L. Geoghan
6730 Holabird Avenue, Suite# 202
Dundalk, Maryland 21222(across from Squire's Restaurant)